Do you think all schools should have teachers licensed to meet teacher technology competency standards? It would require them to complete coursework and pass a test. I know 21 schools in the states already do this.
It depends...what "technology competency standards" are you referring to? Do these 21 schools have to meet the same standards, and are these schools outperforming schools who don't meet these standards?
Something like NETS would be beneficial, in my view, but it all depends on how stakeholders work together in implementing technology within the school community. The essential question is how much is due to teachers meeting competency standards and how much is due to stakeholders working together as a productive network.
There are two major Technology Competency Standards that are being used - one by NETS and the other being the ICT Competency Standards. In this case, the license would involve meeting National Technology Standards (i.e., NETS), which would equip teachers to:
• Become proficient users of technology to be able to use and teach with technologies.
• Keep up to speed with technologies
• Integrate standards-based technology projects in their curriculum.
• Align curriculum with national standards.
The College of Education at Towson University, for example, has incorporated technology standards (based on NETS guidelines) within their teacher education program. Currently, the program requires that all students take two instructional technology classes that meet the National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers (NETS*T). The program is also using the Technology Integration Project, which is used to assist faculty members in integrating technology standards into multiple methods and foundation classes.
Stakeholders are central to the success of the program. The program's goals cannot be delivered without funding, up-to-date hardware and software, and faculty participation and support.
In terms of assessing the effects of standards-based technology integration on student development, it isn't black and white. In addition to equipment and infrastructure, we have to take into consideration the training received by the educator, how and how well they are using the technology in the classroom, if they are integrating the standards-based technology practices in the classroom, user support, and curriculum goals.
I came across a study (Bain & Ross, 1999), however, that showed visible gains for schools that have integrated technology with curriculum and professional growth, where one academy saw an average increase of 94 points in SAT I scores over students who participated in the traditional independent school experience.