Once the writing assignment has been mapped or outlined, you are ready to write the first draft of the paper or essay. When writing the first draft, focus on getting the ideas down quickly. Don't agonize over grammar or detailed references at this stage. You will be concerned with grammar, complete references, and style when writing the second or final drafts.

For longer papers, each main topic in the outline or map will be one section of the paper. Subtopics under the main topic will be the subjects of individual paragraphs in that section. Supporting details for each subtopic are used to write the paragraphs. For shorter papers, each main topic in the outline or map will be one (or more) paragraph of the paper's body. Subtopics and supporting details for that topic are included in that paragraph.

Suggestions for writing drafts are given below. But if you have problems - visit essayontime.com.au and you will find help! Other sections of this page provide additional information relevant to writing drafts. Refer to the following as a start:

  • Structure and Organization

  • Style Guides

  • Common Style Guidelines

  • Citing, Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing

  • Plagiarism

  • Footnotes, Endnotes, and Bibliographies

  • Word Processing and Printing

  • Writing Approaches or Strategies

  • Paragraph Writing Strategy

  • Proofreading

Guidelines for Writing Drafts

  • Make a time table

    • Develop a schedule for completing, proofing, and correcting the drafts of the paper.

    • Leave plenty of time to write several drafts and to have them proofed.

  • Work in parts

    • It helps to maintain motivation and clarity of purpose if different parts of the paper are written one at a time.

    • Put all the notes related to one main topic in a folder, and use the notes and outline or map to transpose the information into written paragraphs.

    • Keep a separate folder for each section of the paper.

    • Reward yourself for completing each section.

    • When all the sections have been written, add transitions to tie them together.

  • Start with the body

    • Write the body of the paper first, working in parts as indicated above.

    • Write the introduction and conclusion last.

    • Then compile the bibliography and compose a title page.

  • Proofread each draft

    • Each draft of the paper should be proofed for grammatical errors, spelling mistakes, logical errors, organizational problems, and stylistic elements.

    • Seek professional help from the instructor, a tutor, or another person in that field. Or ask friends majoring in English.

    • More information on Proofing strategies is given elsewhere in this page.

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Comment by Brian Rock on October 23, 2017 at 9:25am

My students often struggle with writing. I find that pre-writing and organizing their thoughts helps them prepare to write a first draft.

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